The first diamonds of the world were found and dug in India in the 4th Century BC, although the youngest diamonds were formed hundreds of millions of years ago (about 900 million years ago). A big chunk of these stones were traded along the Silk Route that connected India and China. Back then, diamonds were valued because of their ability to return light and strength. These stones were used in jewellery and rings for the royals to shields of soldiers in battles. After the Indian sources depleted, people around the world started looking for other deposits. After India, the next country where the diamond rush began was South Africa in a small farm in a town called Kimberley. A 15 year old boy, Erasmus Jacobs, while playing on his father’s farm found a big transparent stone. His father, Daniel Johanes Jacobs handed it over to a travelling peddler Schalke Van Niekerk, who had some background in geology. He in turn sent the stone to Robert O’Reilly, who confirmed it was a diamond. Since then, till today, there are multiple locations in the African continent where diamonds have been found and soon it became a leading global hub for mining diamonds.